This month's Bay Naturalist, "Festive mistletoe is a feast for songbirds," on the back page, notes that the oak mistletoe is one of songbirds' winter meals. Here is a list of other winter foods to search for. The italicized words in parentheses are not included in the word to search for. Words are hidden horizontally, vertically, diagonally and backward. When you have found all of the words, the remaining letters will spell out (left to right, top to bottom) seven songbirds found in the Chesapeake watershed during the winter.

Seeds & Nuts

(American) Hazel
(American) Hophornbean
Black (Ash)
(Common) Buttonbush
(Eastern) Hemlock
(Eastern) Red Cedar
Gray Birch
Green Ash
Mockernut (Hickory)
Paper (Birch)
Shagbarck (Hickory)
Shrubby St. Johnswort
White (Ash)
Yellow (Birch)

Berries & Drupes*

(American) Bittersweet
(American) Holly
American Viburnum
Cat (Greenbriar)
(Common) Greenbriar
(Common) Hackberry
(Common) Winterberry
Mapleleaf (Viburnum)
(Oak) Mistletoe
Poison Ivy
(Smooth) Sumac
Smooth (Winterberry)
Staghorn (Sumac)
Virginia Creeper
Wax Myrtle
*(A drupe is a seed surrounded by a fleshy fruit)


(Woodpeckers do not eat these plants, but they do eat the insects that overwinter in parts of these plants.)
Goldenrod (insects in galls)
Mullein (insects in the stalk)

Whole Plant


Songbirds that can be found in the Bay watershed during the winter:

1. Cardinal
2. Red-bellied
3. Purple Finch
4. Black-capped
5. White-breasted
6. Tufted Titmouse
7. Dark-eyed Junco