Here are facts about the trees that are featured in Chesapeake Challenge. Can you match them with each tree? Answers are on page 20.
1. The diameter of this tree's trunk — which has been recored at around 11.5 feet when fully grown — is the largest of any native hardwood tree in North America.
2. This small tree is a member of the tea family. Its name honors the botanist John Stuart, the Scottish Earl of Bute, whose work, "Botanical Tables Containing the Families of British Plants," was published in 1785.
3. This tree produces juglane, a chemical that enters the soil and poisons many other trees and plants to prevent them from growing nearby. The tree is a source of dye and wood for furniture. Its nuts are also quite tasty and are an important food for wildlife.
4. This tree is called a "pioneer tree" because it is one of the first to appear on abandoned fields, or after logging or a fire. Wildlife eat its buds, leaves, branchlets and bark.
5. Because it is shock-resistant, the wood of this tree is used for tools and tool handles. It was once used as a remedy for fevers and to treat mange in dogs.
6. This is also called the Judas tree because of the legend that Judas hung himself on an Asian cousin of this tree, which was said to originally have had white flowers, but permanently turned red with shame or blood.
7. This small tree is one of the last trees to grow leaves in the spring. Native Indians dried its roots and bark to make a remedy for skin inflammations. They also crushed the bark to treat sores and wounds.
8. This small tree's flower is the state flower of Pennsylvania. Its leaves are poisonous and honey made by bees that have gathered its pollen is believed to be poisonous.
9. When colonists arrived in this region, these trees were so large that people could make a long, lightweight canoe by hollowing a single trunk. The larger trees have all been harvested and the soft wood of this tree is used to make musical instruments, toys and furniture.
2. Virginia Stewertia
3. Black Walnut
4. Bigtooth Aspen
5. Flowering Dogwood
8. Mountain Laurel