Winter is the season when evergreens come into their full glory, and the Chesapeake Bay watershed species are no exception. Can you match these trees with their descriptions?

1. American Holly

2. Atlantic White Cedar

3. Eastern Hemlock

4. Eastern Redcedar

5. Eastern White Pine

6. Loblolly Pine

7. Mountain Laurel

8. Pitch Pine

9. Shortleaf Pine

10. Southern Bayberry

A. This tree’s bitter red berries are popular with birds and mammals. Its male and female flowers grow on separate trees.

B. One of the fastest growing of the Southern pines, this tree gets its name from the mud puddles where it is often found growing.

C. Seedlings and small trees of this important timber species often sprout after fire damage or injury.

D. The state tree of Pennsylvania, its needles are shiny and dark green on top, with two whitish stripes below.

E. This is the most widely distributed Eastern conifer. At one time, pencils were made almost exclusively from the heartwood of this tree.

F. This waxy covering of this tree’s fruit was separated in boiling water by early colonists and used to make fragrant candles.

G. The flower of this tree is pollinated when a bee trips a springlike structure on it stamen.

H. Charcoal made from the wood of this tree was used to make gunpowder during the Revolutionary War. Ancient logs have been discovered in swamps that were so well-preserved that they were suitable for lumber.

I. The tall, straight trunks of this tree were used as masts for Colonial ships. It is also the largest Northeastern conifer.

J. This tree was once a source of resin. Torches were once made by attaching the knots of this tree to a pole and burning them.


1-A, 2-H, 3-D, 4-E, 5-I, 6-B, 7-G, 8-J, 9-C, 10-F