The Eastern hellbender is one of many salamander species found in the Chesapeake watershed. How much do you know about salamanders?

1. Although they look more like lizards, salamanders are amphibians. Which of these are also amphibians? (More than one answer is correct.)

A. Frogs
B. Toads
C. Skinks
D. Geckos

2. Newts are close relatives of salamanders with somewhat rougher, less-slimy skin. They leave the water after their larval stage to live a few years on land before returning to the water for the rest of their life. The land stage of the Chesapeake watershed's only newt is called the red eft. What is the newt called during the rest of its life?

A. Red-bellied newt
B. Red-headed newt
C. Red-spotted newt
D. Red-striped newt

3. Salamander larvae look a lot like frog and toad tadpoles. What do larval salamander possess that tadpoles don't?

A. Claws
B. Ears
C. Scales
D. Teeth

4. Salamanders will bite to defend themselves. Are any of the salamanders in the Bay watershed venomous?


5. When grabbed by a predator, a salamander's tail will do something special to help the salamander. What does it do?

A. Drop off and wiggle, which distracts the predator and allows the salamander to escape – and grow a new tail
B. Whip the predator in the face
C. Squirt poison
D. Lift and expel a stinky spray, much like a skunk.

6. Salamanders are slimy. How does help the salamander?

A. It keeps its skin moist.
B. It makes it harder for other creatures to grab it.
C. It contains a poison that irritates mucous membranes, such as those found in the eyes or nose.
D. All of the above.

7. Many salamander species do not have lungs. How do they breathe?

A. Through gills
B. Through their skin
C. Through their mouth
D. All of the above

8. Salamander fossils date back to the middle Jurassic period. How many millions of years ago is this?

A. 108-128 million years
B. 160-168 million years
C. 178-190 million years
D. 200-210 million years


1. A & B
2. C
3. D
4. No
5. A
6. D
7. D
8. B