It’s autumn and many plants are going to seed. Here are some seed-related terms. Can you match them with their definition? Six examples of these fruit/seeds are illustrated on this page. Can you match each illustration to the type of seed it represents? Answers are on page 27.

Achene
Berry
Capsule
Cone
Drupe
Nut
Samara/Key
Seed

1. This describes the collection of tightly overlapping scales attached to a central axis that surrounds dry seeds. When these scales separate, the seeds are released.

2. This describes the part of a plant that is able to develop into another plant.

3. This describes a hard-shelled, one-seeded fruit that splits along a built-in line of weakness in the shell.

4. This is a dry, one-seeded, hard fruit. It does not open on its own to release its seed.

5. This describes a dry, multi-compartmented fruit with thin walls that split open along several lines of weakness to release its seeds.

6. This describes a thin-skinned fleshy fruit with
a “stone” in the middle
that contains the seed.

7. This describes a winged dry fruit that does not open to release its seed.

This describes is a seed or seeds surrounded by pulp that is produced by a single ovary.

Answers

Achene: 4-A
Berry: 8-B
Capsule: 5–E
Cone: 1-G
Drupe: 6-C
Nut: 3-F
Samara/Key 7-D
Seed: 2 (no illustration)