It’s autumn and many plants are going to seed. Here are some seed-related terms. Can you match them with their definition? Six examples of these fruit/seeds are illustrated on this page. Can you match each illustration to the type of seed it represents? Answers are on page 27.


1. This describes the collection of tightly overlapping scales attached to a central axis that surrounds dry seeds. When these scales separate, the seeds are released.

2. This describes the part of a plant that is able to develop into another plant.

3. This describes a hard-shelled, one-seeded fruit that splits along a built-in line of weakness in the shell.

4. This is a dry, one-seeded, hard fruit. It does not open on its own to release its seed.

5. This describes a dry, multi-compartmented fruit with thin walls that split open along several lines of weakness to release its seeds.

6. This describes a thin-skinned fleshy fruit with
a “stone” in the middle
that contains the seed.

7. This describes a winged dry fruit that does not open to release its seed.

This describes is a seed or seeds surrounded by pulp that is produced by a single ovary.


Achene: 4-A
Berry: 8-B
Capsule: 5–E
Cone: 1-G
Drupe: 6-C
Nut: 3-F
Samara/Key 7-D
Seed: 2 (no illustration)