The weather outside is frightful, but snow is so delightful to play in! Be sure to dress properly. Warm, dry mittens or gloves on one’s hands and footgear will help to prevent frostbite and related conditions. Take this quiz and you’ll learn why you should take these conditions seriously! Answers are on page 29.

1. Frostbite is not the only condition caused by cold temperatures. Match these conditions with their symptoms:
FROSTNIP
CHILIBLAINS
FROSTBITE

A. Superficial ulcers that develop after an area of skin has frequently been exposed to cold.
B. Tissue destruction
C. Cooling of tissues without cellular destruction.

2. During frostbite, the body shuts down blood circulation in the body’s extremities — hands, feet, nose, ears — to focus the warm blood on the body’s core, where the vital internal organs — heart, lungs, kidneys and so on — are located. Depending on its severity, frostbite can cause serious damage to the body. Which of these are symptoms of frostbite?
A. Hard black blisters that appear one to two days after the frostbite event.
B. Hardened waxlike skin that develops blood-filled purple blisters.
C. Gangrene
D. All of the above

3. Why is rubbing or massaging a frostbitten area of skin a bad idea?
A. The hand doing the rubbing or massaging can catch frostbite.
B. It spreads the frostbite to other areas of the body.
C. Ice crystals that develop as a result of frostbite can damage the skin tissues even more.
D. The friction can cause a permanent rash.

4. If you cannot get to a hospital (best treatment), what is/are the best way(s) to treat frostbite?
A. Splint or wrap the area to prevent ice crystals from moving around in the skin tissue.
B. Run hot water over the affected area.
C. Wrap the area in a blanket and move to a warmer environment.
D. Rub the area with oil or butter.

5. What can happen as a result of frostbite?
A. Amputation
B. Arthritis
C. Cancer
D. Chronic tickling or burning of one's skin without cause
E. Permanent inability to feel cold and heat.
F. All of the above.

Answers

1: FROSTNIP - C / CHILIBLAINS - A / FROSTBITE - B
2-D
3-C
4-A & C
5-F