Examples of alternative funding mechanisms.

Point source

  • Pool the debt from several small communities to gain lower interest rates from private institutions

  • Use public-private partnerships to finance wastewater treatment plant upgrades

  • Sell municipal utility assets, such as water mains, to the private sector

  • Extend maturity of state revenue bonds from 20 years to 30 years to coincide with the service life of financed facilities and reduce annual debt service payments

Developed land

  • Create "utilities" to manage stormwater runoff, charging landowners a fee that could be used to install stormwater control devices in neighborhoods built before they were required.

  • Assess a one-time septic system installation impact fee of about $100 and/or an annual "aquifer impact fee" for septic systems

  • Establish a 2 percent surcharge on the sale of lawn and garden fertilizer

  • Use federal or state housing grants to finance public sewer extensions to areas with failing septic systems.

Agriculture

  • Expand tax deduction for conservation tillage and animal waste handling equipment to include other environmental equipment

  • Require nutrient management plans on all Maryland Agricultural Land Preservation Foundation easements

  • Develop local agriculture cooperatives on a watershed basis to assist farmers in financing activities

  • Increase the cost-share cap for livestock waste storage systems from $35,000 to $50,0000 per system

Resource protection

  • Offer companies a chance to partially meet their clean air regulatory requirements by planting trees

  • Establish forest mitigation banking systems at state and county levels

  • Expand the commemorative Bay license plate program by offering new license plates to increase sales

  • Create a habitat stamp sales program patterned after the duck stamp program