Interesting facts about eagles

  • Ideal eagle habitat consists of mature shoreline forests with scattered openings and little human use, near water with abundant fish and waterfowl.
  • 60 percent of eagle nests in the Bay region are situated in loblolly pines; also used are a number of other large, “super-canopy” tree species, including: shortleaf pine, Virginia pine, white oak, chestnut oak, northern red oak, swamp white oak, tulip poplar, American beech, bitternut hickory, American sycamore, and American sweetgum.
  • Nests can be up to 6 feet in diameter, weigh hundreds of pounds and are usually built with large sticks and lined with soft materials such as pine needles and grasses.
  • Females lay one to three eggs between January and March, with a peak in February. Incubation lasts for 35 days.
  • Chicks leave the nest at 10 to 12 weeks of age. Occasionally young are blown out or fall out of the nest before fledging, They are cared for and many survive. Bay eagles leave their nests between May and July.
  • Juveniles depend on their parents for weeks after their first flights, gradually learning to hunt and spend more time away from the nest.
  • Eagles do not develop their spectacular white head and tail until their fifth or sixth year.
  • Adult bald eagles are approximately 3 feet from head to tail, weigh between 10 and 12 pounds and have a wingspread of up to 7 feet. Females are generally somewhat larger than males.