News, notes and observations from the Bay Journal staff.
Maryland is getting closer to at least a temporary moratorium on the killing of cownose rays in bowfishing contests, a summer pastime that has angered animal-rights groups and as well as many fishermen.
By a vote of 119 to 21, Maryland’s House of Delegates passed HB 211 Wednesday, which would impose a moratorium on such contests until July 1, 2019, and require the Maryland Department of Natural Resources to prepare a fisheries management plan by Dec. 31, 2018.
The House action comes a month after the state Senate voted, 46-0, to pass SB 268, which would bar bowfishing contests for rays through July 1, 2018, and require the DNR to develop its management plan a year earlier than called for under the House bill.
Maryland’s House of Delegates voted Friday to ban hydraulic fracturing for natural gas, while also approving a Hogan administration bill that would let the state invest in potentially less costly ways of reducing stormwater pollution fouling the Chesapeake Bay.
The fracking ban, approved on a 97 to 40 vote, comes after a six-year debate over whether to allow the controversial energy extraction technique in the state. More than a dozen counties and cities adopted local ordinances or resolutions to ban fracking, and opponents have staged several rallies in Annapolis since the legislative session began in January.
Last Thanksgiving, the Maryland Natural Resources Police got something for which they could truly be thankful: A helicopter.
After seven years with no eyes in the sky, the NRP got its 1972 Bell Jet Ranger back. The police aviation unit, founded nearly 70 years ago, had been eliminated by the previous administration in a cost-cutting move in 2009, and the helicopter was transferred to the Harford County Sheriff’s Office.
But restoring the NRP’s aerial mobility was a priority of Mark Belton, the current natural resources secretary. So he reacquired the copter and had it refurbished for $158,000, according to NRP spokeswoman Candy Thomson. Named Natural 1, it was pressed into service almost immediately, helping the NRP catch oyster and deer poachers and assisting with search-and-rescue missions.
Now, though, after just four months, the NRP, an arm of DNR, is in jeopardy of losing its helicopter again.
The Chesapeake Bay Program and other federal initiatives that could impact the Bay have been targeted for steep cuts in preliminary Trump administration budget plans sent to federal agencies, prompting alarm from conservation groups and lawmakers alike.
According to a report in The Washington Post, a budget blueprint for the 2018 federal fiscal year, which begins Oct. 1, would cut the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s budget by nearly a quarter, from $8.2 billion to $6.1 billion, and slash its workforce from 15,000 to 12,000.
A bipartisan group of lawmakers wants President Trump to maintain the current funding level for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Chesapeake Bay restoration efforts when the administration releases its first budget blueprint.
While the EPA is widely expected to be hit by potentially deep budget cuts when the administration releases a budget outline in a few weeks, five Republicans and 12 Democrats from the House of Representatives signed a letter last week asking that funding for the state-federal Chesapeake Bay Program be kept at $73 million.
One of the Maryland General Assembly’s leading environmental advocates denounced the Hogan administration Friday for firing the long-time state employee who oversaw the blue crab fishery after some watermen complained to the governor about a catch restriction they could not get lifted.
Speaking at the end of the legislature’s Friday session, Sen. Paul Pinsky charged that Brenda Davis was “summarily fired’ over watermen’s unhappiness with a policy that was set by higher-ups at the Department of Natural Resources.
Maryland’s “fracking” debate begins in earnest this week in Annapolis. With a two-year moratorium on hydraulic fracturing for natural gas scheduled to end Oct. 1, lawmakers are under increasing pressure to decide whether to ban the practice permanently, punt it to the voters or let drilling proceed under disputed regulations that have yet to be finalized. Emotions are running high, and legislators appear nearly evenly split.
If the Hogan Administration has its way, Maryland’s seafood marketing will go back to its roots — at the state’s agriculture department.
The administration has introduced a bill that, if passed, would shift responsibility and resources for promoting Maryland’s seafood from its current home at the Department of Natural Resources to the Department of Agriculture, where it was housed six years ago.
The Chesapeake Bay is showing signs that decades of work are starting to pump new life into the nation’s largest estuary, according to a new report, though it also showed worrisome trends for forest buffers and wetlands – two elements considered critical to any long-term recovery.
The Bay Barometer, released Wednesday by the state-federal Bay Program partnership, largely echoed the positive movement shown in recent report cards from the Chesapeake Bay Foundation and the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, suggesting that cleanup efforts were starting to pay off with expanded underwater grass beds, clearer water, and a smaller oxygen-starved “dead zone.”
Even as Maryland lawmakers face a decision on whether to try to override Gov. Larry Hogan’s veto of a renewable energy measure, another potential confrontation is brewing over how involved the state should be in encouraging consumers to reduce electricity usage.
Virginia’s legislators are sounding off this session about how soon the city of Alexandria should have to end frequent overflows from its sewer system into the Potomac River and its tributaries.
The state Senate voted last week to give the city almost eight years to carry out costly upgrades to the system, a change from an original bill that would have required the city to act by 2020 or lose all state funding. A version of this compromise will now need to pass the state House of Delegates.
One night last week, an overflow crowd packed Artifact Coffee in Woodberry to hear me interview Spike Gjerde, then listen to him interview me.
Gjerde is a pioneer in the local and farm-to-table movement in Baltimore. With his partners, he owns Woodberry Kitchen, Parts and Labor, Artifact Coffee, and is opening a new restaurant in Washington, DC, called A Rake’s Progress. He and his team can also do things with root vegetables that I can only dream of doing. If I could, maybe my children would love carrots and beets
Coal ash storage at one of Dominion Virginia Power’s plants will be the subject of yet another public meeting on the evening of Jan. 26.
Virginia’s Department of Environmental Quality is hosting the meeting at 7 p.m. at Potomac Senior High School in Dumfries to provide information about a proposed permit the company is seeking to permanently store coal ash at its Possum Point power station in Prince William County.
The buzz is not good for the rusty patched bumble bee. Once common across more than half of the United States, including the Chesapeake Bay watershed, this wild pollinator is now so rarely seen that it’s believed to be on the brink of extinction.
Distinguishable from other black and yellow bumblebees by the rusty reddish patch on the backs of males and workers, Bombus affinis, as it’s known to scientists, is the first bee in the continental United States to be placed on the endangered species list. It’s likely not the last.
Maryland Sen. Ben Cardin said Tuesday that he has “major concerns” about President-elect Donald Trump’s choice to head the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency after quizzing him about his attitudes towards federal enforcement of the Chesapeake Bay pollution diet, climate change, and other issues.
The two-term Democrat said he met with Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt in advance of his confirmation hearing before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee to become the next EPA administrator. The session has not been scheduled yet, but is considered likely next week.
Cardin, a longtime advocate for the Bay cleanup, said he had a “positive” discussion with Pruitt about the Bay, though he remained confused about Pruitt’s rationale for joining a legal challenge to EPA’s imposition in 2010 of a pollution reduction plan for the Chesapeake.
The Chesapeake Bay Foundation has taken the pulse again of the nation’s largest estuary, and found its health has improved a bit, though it’s still far from out of the woods.
The Annapolis-based environmental group released its latest “State of the Bay” report on Thursday, declaring that the Chesapeake is in better shape overall now than at any time since the foundation began issuing regular updates in 1998.
The Maryland Department of Natural Resources still wants to hear from the public on how it should manage cownose rays, a migratory species that bowhunters enjoy killing for sport and conservationists wish to save because of their beauty and importance to the ecosystem.
The department has put a revised notice on its fishing regulations web page saying it will take comments through Jan. 8 on whether and how it should limit bowfishing for rays.
Lawmakers in Annapolis waded this week into the Hogan administration’s plan for regulating “fracking” for natural gas, while girding for a bitter debate early next year over whether to ban the hotly disputed drilling practice.
Ben Grumbles, the state’s environment secretary, told members of a joint House-Senate committee Tuesday that hydraulic fracturing rules given final approval recently by the Hogan administration are the most stringent and protective in the nation. He asserted that they offer a “platinum package” of safeguards for public health and the environment, a step up from rules proposed in 2015 by former Gov. Martin O’Malley, who touted them at the time as the “gold standard” nationwide in regulating fracking.
For several years, regulators have been sounding the alarm about Pennsylvania agriculture’s lagging pace in meeting its Chesapeake Bay cleanup goals. For nearly as long, the farmers have been telling the government that they have been putting in a lot of pollution-controlling practices, but they weren’t getting credit for them.
So earlier this year, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection sought to determine who was right. Working with Penn State’s Survey Research Center, environmental officials sent questionnaires to the state’s farmers. A total of 6,782 farmers — 35 percent of the 20,000 farmers to whom the survey was mailed — answered the questions. They included information about how many best management practices were in place and where they were. To verify the information, the Penn State researchers visited 700 farms, about 10 percent, to inspect.
So, who was right? Turns out, maybe both
Chemical giant DuPont has agreed to pay more than $50 million to deal with mercury contamination of two Virginia rivers caused by the company’s one-time operations in Waynesboro, federal and state officials announced Thursday.
The Justice and Interior departments and the Commonwealth of Virginia filed a proposed consent decree in U.S. District Court in Harrisonburg spelling out terms reached with the multinational company based in Wilmington, DE. The largest settlement of its kind in Virginia comes after decades of studies, litigation and negotiations over how to resolve extensive contamination.
Under the deal, DuPont would pay $42.3 million to federal and state agencies to fund cleanup and recreational projects on the South Fork Shenandoah River and one of its tributaries, the South River. The company also agreed to pay up to $10 million toward the renovation of a state fish hatchery at Front Royal, VA.
A disputed stream restoration project in Richmond faced a major setback last month when the City Council rejected state funding that would have helped cover the $1.27-million cost. Despite the 8-1 vote against the project from council, city staff said they will continue to seek permits for it.
The project had drawn fire from residents who argued it wasn’t the best way to reduce polluted runoff into the James River and would strip the stream bank of hundreds of trees in the process.
Warning that the Chesapeake Bay is at risk, U.S. Sen. Ben Cardin asked environmental groups to help him fend off moves expected by the incoming Trump administration and the next Congress that he warned could undermine the long-running efforts to restore the nation’s largest estuary.
Cardin, a Maryland Democrat who has long been active with environmental issues, met at the Chesapeake Bay Foundation offices in Annapolis Monday with leaders from state conservation groups to preview likely efforts to shift federal policy in the coming year. He counseled them to enlist local and state officials around the Bay watershed, including Republicans, to communicate to leaders in Washington that the Chesapeake restoration effort Is working and needs to continue.
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, already vast at 27,000 acres, is becoming even larger.
The U.S Fish and Wildlife Service announced Thursday that it has acquired 410 acres of new land for the refuge on Maryland’s Eastern Shore from The Nature Conservancy.
A dead female manatee turned up last week in Baltimore’s harbor, and state officials said the cause of its death remains undetermined.
A citizen called the Maryland Department of Natural Resources on Nov. 21 to report the deceased marine mammal. It took two days, and the help of staff at the Dundalk Marine Terminal, to recover the manatee because it was in an “inaccessible location,’’ according to Amanda Weschler, the DNR’s marine mammal and sea turtle stranding coordinator.