Rivers of Maryland
How much do you know about Maryland's waterways? Match these rivers and creek with their descriptions.
1. This is one of the Chesapeake's least developed rivers; much of it is unchanged since Capt. John Smith explored it more than 400 years ago. It is home to the northernmost stands of bald cypress on the Atlantic Coast and has one of the highest concentrations of bald eagles in the northeast United States.
2. There are two rivers in Maryland with this name. One in south-central Maryland is a tributary to the Potomac River. The other is on Maryland's Eastern Shore. They get their name from a Native American phrase that translates to "a place where houses are built."
3. Much of the upper portion of this river flows through the Great Cypress Swamp. It is the easternmost tributary to the Chesapeake Bay. It is second only to Africa's Nile as the deepest river for its width (25 feet).
4. The very first recorded battle among English colonists took place in 1635 between colonists loyal to Virginia and others loyal to Lord Baltimore, who was the proprietor of the Maryland Colony. They fought over who had the rights to Kent Island, at the mouth of this river. (Maryland won.) Although there is no official record of it, local legend has it that local colonists, in 1774, staged their own "Tea Party," fashioned after the Boston event.
5. A riffle in this waterway is home to the last known population of the Maryland darter, a fish. The darter is the only known endemic vertebrate in the state, meaning that it is found in Maryland and nowhere else in the world. Many fear that this fish is now extinct; the last time one was sighted was 1988.
6. This is the longest river on Maryland's Eastern Shore. Its shores and surrounding area were the inspiration for the setting in James Michener's "Chesapeake." At one time, the river was a major conduit for steamers and schooners that carried trade goods in the region.
7. The U.S. Naval Academy is located on this river. An association formed to protect this river celebrated its 100th birthday in April 2011, making it the nation's oldest river organization.
8. This river's name is derived from a Native American phrase meaning "creek with many bends." The largest aqueduct on the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal crosses this river. Confederate troops tried to destroy this structure to prevent its use to transport Northern troops and supplies, but the aqueduct's stone construction thwarted them.
1. Nanticoke River
2. Wicomico Rivers
3. Pocomoke River
4. Chester River
5. Deer Creek
6. Choptank River
7. Severn River
8. Monocacy River
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